Peter I was the successor of the Muscovy dynasty after Sophia. He was educated in Europe in the hands of French, German and Scot teachers. So, during his reign, he tried to install the idea of Enlightenment and French Revolution into Russia. He moved the capital nearer to the West, where he established St. Petersburg. He brought the idea of liberalism and lifted the censorship restrictions for the people, but later on, he executed it again. He tried to make constitutional reform but failed. Despite his idea on liberalism and democracy, he claimed that serfdom should remain as how it was.